Cost-Efficient and Reliable High-Capacity Infrastructure

IP Coordinator: Eleanor Simmons - Network Rail


Project title:
Research into enhanced tracks, switches and structures

Total Project Value:
€ 6 366 942,00
from 01/09/2016 to 28/02/2019
S2R (Of H2020) co-funding:
€ 2 799 993,00
Sam Berggren
Complementary projects:


The main objective of In2Track project is to set the foundations for a resilient, consistent, cost-efficient, high capacity European network by delivering important building blocks that unlock the innovation potential that have been identified as part of the Shift2Rail Innovation Programme 3.

The specific objectives of IN2TRACK are divided into three parts;

  • Enhancing and optimising the switch & crossings and track systems in order to ensure the optimal line usage and capacity;
  • Investigating novel ways of extending the life of bridges and tunnel assets through new approaches to maintaining, repairing and upgrading these structures;
  • Development and adoption of a holistic, whole system-approach.

A whole-system approach, which is defined as the system boundaries extending from dynamic wheel-rail interaction (loading input) through to degradation of the S&C system, sub-systems, individual components, and underlying track foundation, will also be at the heart of IN2TRACK on how to reach the objectives.

Project Structure

WP1 Project Management

WP2 Enhanced switches and crossings

The overall objective of WP2 is to build upon the engineering side of IN2TRACK’s whole-system evaluation of existing European S&C (Switches & Crossings) systems from INNOTRACK, Capacity4Rail and In2Rail to improve both RAMS (Reliability and Maintainability System ) performance and LCC (Life Cycle Cost) enhancements for maintenance approaches and to serve IN2SMART Specific objectives include:
  • Analysis of S&C failure modes, root causes and cost drivers based on existing studies;
  • Development of an enhanced S&C whole system behaviour models for better understanding and design optimisation. The whole system modelling approach will integrate mechanical, electrical, software and control components to deliver required improved capabilities and performance;
  • Development of improved components and technologies to optimise S&C sub-systems (e.g. Points Operating Equipment) for RAMS performance whilst reducing whole system LCC.
  • Development of new sustainable materials and repair, maintenance technologies, and methods to minimise deterioration and failures allowing for extended asset life, reduced maintenance intervention and lower LCC;
  • Enhanced wheel-rail interaction and related decreases in deterioration through improved S&C designs;
  • Enhanced inspection, monitoring and measurement through intelligent use of embedded and integrated sensors for self-diagnostics and remote condition monitoring to quantify asset condition, deterioration and performance as a whole;
  • Use of whole system design and an enhanced sensor system to enable intelligent switch control, for self-adjustment, to maintain optimised performance and safety limits;
  • Enhanced S&C control for self-maintenance and improved RAMS performance.

WP3 Enhanced track

The research in WP3 aims to significantly improve the performance of the track structure. This relates to costs (in a life-cycle sense), robustness (in a RAMS-sense) and performance (e.g. load carrying capacity).

To this end, innovative solutions in the form of methods (e.g. whole system technical evaluation framework), products, processes (e.g. track status assessment evaluation for maintenance planning purposes and maintenance execution) and procedures (e.g. establishment of technical requirements) will be the focus of the research.

WP4 Structures

The objective of WP4 is to:
  • develop faster and more accurate methods for inspection and assessment of tunnels and bridges including improved repeatability, reproducibility, quality and effectiveness.
  • develop new repair, strengthening and upgrading techniques which result in reduced traffic disruption and fast installation with short track access time
  • set the base for future development of noise and vibration damping methods for structures 

WP5 Scientific and technical coordination and system integration

The focus of WP5 is to ensure that the output of IN2TRACK is of high-quality i.e. that results are based on sound scientific investigations, are clearly presented, and that feasibility and limitations of results is indicated as far as possibleTo this end, WP5 will act in advisory, supervisory, and coordinating roles. The advisory role lies in the operational stages of the research where it provides advice e.g. in the form of early review of Deliverable report skeletons. The aim is to provide a critical review of the planned research actions and identify potential issues at an early stage.

WP6 Dissemination communication and exploitation




Results and Publications

I2T Presentation Mid term 24 Jan 18


In2Track first newsletter - April 2018


In2Track Flyer


Programme of IN2TRACK, IN2SMART, S-CODE Mid-Term Conference - 24 January 2018



Project's News & Events

Shift2Rail JU Funded IP3 Projects IN2SMART, IN2TRACK and S-CODE Mid-Term Conference - 24 January 2018

See the link


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Sam Berggren

Project Coordinator

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Anders Ekberg

Technical Leader

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Shift2Rail JU Funded IP3 Projects IN2SMART, IN2TRACK and S-CODE Mid-Term Conference - 24 January 2018

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No: 730841