IN2STEMPO has three primary objectives, which address the topic of “Smart system energy management solution and future station solutions”. They are:
WP01 - Project ManagementProject Co-ordination, Consortium Management, Administrative and Financial Management and Quality assurance. WP02 - Smart Control of rail power supplyThe main objective of this Work Package is to provide a demonstrator installed in a 16.7Hz Substation. This demonstrator will be fitted with a control and protection system based on digital data function. This system will be tested to TRL5 in a relevant environment and will demonstrate usability within 50hz Rail power supply systems. This should lead to increased automation and a higher amount of information available for display on the system, forming the basis for the integration of power systems into asset management, and improved information for Traffic Management systems. WP03 - FACTS for 50 Hz AC Rail Power SupplyWork Package 3’s main objective is to work on the design and implementation of a new 50Hz AC Smart Power Supply based on substations using Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) equipment. Build on and works with the products of WP2 to show that such products can be used within a 50Hz environment. This will achieve TRL4 for the whole system, and achieve a large number of benefits, including:
Reduction of energy losses within the rail power supply network.
Increased transport capacity within the system.
Improvement of power quality and capacity along all the track
Removal of separation actions.WP04 - Railway System Smart Metering Use CaseThis Work Package will work to define and implement three smart metering use cases in relevant railway environments. They are:
A Commercially Operated Smart Metering Use Case (CO-OP) dedicated to fine mapping of energy flows.
A Stationing and Maintenance facilities operation Smart Metering (STM-OP) which focuses on the energy consumption of trains out of commercial operation and of stabling infrastructure.
An Infrastructure Electrical sub-system Use Case (IN-OP) which will continuously supervise power supply equipment states and direct energy consumption anomalies better All three will be implemented in a relevant railway environment, at the EUROTUNNEL site in France and in UK Network Rail run locations. WP05 - Smart Metering Technology Development and ImplementationThe main objectives of this Work Package are to develop the technical components required to implement the use cases described in WP4, pushing the characteristics required by WP4 up to TRL5. This Work Package will design high-level architecture to this effect including field sensors, an Operational Data Management (ODM) platform, and User Applications and Decision Support Tools that allow access to the ODM in a user-friendly manner. WP06 - Crowd Management in High Capacity StationsThe overall objective of this Work Package is to significantly improve both the customer experience and security in large and high capacity stations during both standard use and in emergency situations. A realistic 3D simulation system based off real-time data will be used to help enable this, leading to a TRL6 complete solution. WP07 - Improved Station Designs and ComponentsThis work Package aims to significantly improve the design of low-capacity stations and optimise the design process, from concept to construction. This will enable a reduction in construction and operational costs. WP08 - Improved Accessibility to Trains - Platform Train InterfaceThis work package will achieve the following objectives:
Improved accessibility to trains for all passenger groups by addressing issues with Platform-Train Interface (PTI).
Develop solutions that allow safe and inclusive access to trains of varying heights without significantly impacting on the train’s dwell time at the platform
Analysing specific PTI issues like differing train heights and curved platforms and how this may affect accessibility.
Develop new PTI strategies for identified typical conditions in existing stations.WP09 - Safety Management in Public AreasWork Package 9 seeks to develop solutions for improving the safety and resilience of railway stations through developing models, risk assessments and a security manual that can be used to mitigate the impacts of a bomb blast. It will also analyse options for advanced CCTV technology that will analyse specific human behaviours, providing pre-emptive biometric information. WP10 - Technical Co-ordination and Technology Demonstrators IntegrationThis work package will work to create a single and coherent project that addresses integration activities within all of IN2STEMPO, enabling seamless and effective technical co-ordination by providing work package leaders with a platform for integration. WP11 - Dissemination, Communication and ExploitationThe work package will ensure that project results and outputs are widely disseminated and effectively exploited by their target groups. Dissemination and communication platforms will be established, specific decision makers and individuals will be targeted, collaborative work with industry partners will take place to facilitate this, and high quality results will be delivered.
FACTS Power Supply System Application Rules
Demonstration and assessment of the three use cases for using smart metering in improving railway energy systems.
Smart Metering Technology, ODM, user applications & decision support tool operational test report
All deliverables, results and publications herewith provided reflects only the author's view and the S2R JU is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.
The In2Stempo WP4 work dedicated to using smart metering and machine learning for the quantification of regenerative braking energy on the d.c. railway systems, had been presented at the 9th Transport Research Arena (TRA) event in Lisbon, Portugal on the 15th of November 2022.
The paper on the subject was presented by Nouha Jaoua from Railenium (WP4 Leader). During the presentation Nouha described our novel approach based on matrix profile concept to detect the regenerative braking patterns from data collected at Network Rail's substations in the UK.
The event was attended by over 2000 participants and included over 600 speakers, making it one of the most significant industry related events in Europe.
In the middle of November, the In2Stempo project's Work Package 6 team, working on improving passengers' experience and increasing capacity at train stations, has conducted final experiment in the live environment and with real end users at one of the biggest/busiest stations in Poland (Warsaw East Station).
Our work focuses on the development of digital twins and tools that leverage a model of passenger behaviours in a train station to simulate station occupancy and passengers’ flows in different scenarios. The solution, which uses fully anonymised data, enables different hypothesis to be tested in an accurate virtual representation of the station environment, and numerous iterations of different options can be tested to optimise and identify the best solutions (what-if approach) for improving passengers' experience and safety at stations.
Last, but not least, our digital twin can be synchronised with the current “live” reality of the train station to integrate actual “ground truth” information to the computed forecast. Which will improve the quality of work for station managers, especially in the area of managing passengers' flow at the station. For example, the simulation makes it possible to study the blocking points that could pose a problem in the event of an emergency evacuation. It also allows forecasting, i.e. having a view of the situation in the near future and therefore anticipating problematic occurrences.
On 28th– 30th April, the RIA Innovation Conference 2021 was hosted in an immersive virtual platform (Vfairs) that gave attendees, sponsors, and exhibitors the feeling of being in a real venue. This year, the RIA Innovation conference explored the theme: ‘Railway of the Future’. In2Stempo presented an Exhibition Stand for the R&D Portfolio, for ‘Smart Energy Management’.
The workshop consisted of a summary of the In2Stempo’s aim, as well as the problem of obtaining full picture related to energy consumption, and explaining power loses with no trains. The solution to this issue was briefly outlined, whilst explaining how the Smart Metering system works. The project outputs were also highlighted, alongside the array of benefits that come with Smart Metering.
To find out more information on the RIA Innovation Conference, please visit: RIA Innovation Conference 2021(riagb.org.uk)
On the 23rd October 2020, an array of webinars was held for the Shift2Rail Innovation Days as an opportunity to showcase all the results achieved and the efforts made by our members and partners working in the Shift2Rail Research and Innovation programme.
In the “Cost-efficient, sustainable and reliable high capacity infrastructure” webinar, In2Stempo was introduced and presented. A presentation on ‘Digital Twins and Data Analysis for Crowd Management in High Capacity Stations’ was given, highlighting the aims to improve customer experience and security in large and high capacity stations, based on 3 tools; 3D simulation system, video analytics, as well as macro and micro-behaviour models.
The In2Stempo Smart Metering objectives were outlined, and the implementations of the smart metering were shown through each of the three use cases; Commercial Line Operation, Stationing and Maintenance Operation, and Electrical Infrastructure Monitoring. Proceeding this, we were shown how the data is used and will be used in terms of fault mapping and analysis, and future smart metering applications were summarised.
The final presentation was made on ‘Small Stations Solutions’. Work Package 7 was outlined; to improve stations designs and components, and a range of challenged were posed alongside their corresponding solutions.
This was a very informative and important event in the European railway 2020 calendar, and for having the opportunity to exchange together on future R&I activities.
For those who missed Innovation Days, you can watch all webinars under this link.
In2Stempo’s project partner Infraestruturas de Portugal (IP) representatives - Leonor Mendes and Nuno Fragoso - participated in a seminar dedicated to the promotion of the IP in international activities called “Week of International participations of the IP Group”. The event took Place in Lisbon (Portugal) between 17th and 21st February 2020 at the IP headquarters.
Leonor and Nuno have presented In2Stempo project as a whole and its position within Shift2Rail Programme, as well as work developed within WP7 “Improved Station Designs and Components” and WP8 “Improved Accessibility to Trains - Platform Train Interface”.
The event was promoted through the company’s online portal, and the presentations were made accessible to all interested parties online too.
The feedback received from the attendees was very positive.
In2Stempo project was presented by the project partner - CAF TURNKEY & ENGINEERING - at the Spanish railway operator’s workshop that took place in Zaragoza, Spain on the 19th of June 2019.
The workshop was focused on energy efficiency, energy management and environmental impact of the railway sector, and has given the operators an opportunity to share their energy and cost savings experiences.
Among workshop attendees were: Tram Baix & Tram Besos, Barcelona, Metro Tenerife, Tranvía de Murcia, Tranvía de Parla, Metro Málaga, Metro de Sevilla,Tranvía Zaragoza, Metro Ligero de Madrid.
Consumption data and energy reduction measures were presented and compared between operators, as well as the energy cost analysis, including the energy contract models with energy companies.
In2Stempo project has been presented as an example of using smart metering implementation in future railway stations and depots. Specifically, In2Stempo’s stationing and maintenance facilities operation Smart Metering use case has been described in detail during the workshop
In2Stempo project coordinator, Network Rail (NR) organised an introductory meeting with the Professor Bridget Eickhoff who is the Principal Infrastructure Engineer at the UK's Rail Safety Standards Board (RSSB). The RSSB are responsible for Group Industry Standards that apply to the UK railway and Bridget chairs a group of cross industry engineers that represent train operating companies (TOC’s), the rail infrastructure owner (Network Rail) and associated partners who are involved in track gauging issues. Bridget is also a research Professor at the University of Birmingham where she specialises in rail infrastructure.
As track gauging and platform train interface (PTI) issues are often linked, it was of interest to both parties to discuss the current IN2STEMPO research and, in particular, the work being undertaken in WP8: Improved Accessibility to Trains - Platform Train Interface. NR provided an overview of the project work and RSSB also provided information on research that had been previously carried out by them on the issue of PTI accidents and their possible causes. Bridget also shared with us the outputs from recent human behavioural studies and how this relatively new scientific discipline needs to be considered when planning future PTI strategies.
On the 20th and 21st of November In2Stempo’s Technical Management Team and Steering Committee meeting took place in Genoa, Italy. The two-day meeting hosted by project partner - Hitachi, was focused on discussions around project progress, as well as project dissemination plans and activities foreseen for 2020. The meeting participants confirmed that the project is successfully proceeding towards its objectives and is ready for the 2nd review scheduled for March 2020.
On the 14th of October Network Rail’s Project Manager Aneta Tumilowicz was a panellist and presenter of use cases from two Shift2Railprojects (In2Stempo and Connective) during the European Big Data Value Forum (EBDVF) 2019 event held in Helsinki, Finland. EBDVF is the flagship event of the European Big Data and Data-Driven AI Research and Innovation community and was specifically focused on how the artificial intelligence and big data is transforming business and society.
Among the well-attended sessions of this event was the session dedicated to Transforming Power of Big Data and Artificial Intelligence in Everyday Mobility and Logistics, during which Aneta presented how big data and business analytics can be used to take advantage of all available data in the transport domain to propose useful information for travellers, infrastructure managers, operators and transport authorities.
Specifically, she presented how data can be used to significantly improve travellers’ experience and security in large and high capacity multimodal stations (a use case using synergies between Shift2Rail IP3 and IP4 projects). The second use case presented focuses on using information from urban operators’ stations (buses and metro) equipment to obtain insights on their performance and level of service, as well as travellers’ usage of them.
As part of the Shift2Rail In2Stempo project, three substations on the Tonbridge to Redhill line: Chiddingstone, Crowhurst Junction and Bletchingley Tunnel have now been instrumented with the Smart Metering sensors and communication system. A collaborative international team formed by engineers from Alstom, DotVision, LEM, Railenium and Network Rail Test Section led by Michal Taratajcio and supported by Radoslaw Filip from the Power Systems team have completed in a safe manner and greatly supportive atmosphere the Phase 2 – Smart Metering installation at substations on the 3-phase 22 kV a.c. level. The Phase 1 – Smart Metering installation on the 750 V d.c. level was successfully completed earlier this year in March.
In preparation for the next phases of the initiative – the team is working collaboratively to develop anon-intrusive GPS type portable sensors that can be used on-board of the trains to deliver data for trains power demand estimation.
The Smart Metering project as part of the Shift2Rail In2Stempo is aimed to demonstrate to TRL6:
On the 4th of April 2019 In2Stempo project team consisting of project coordinator, Aneta Tumilowicz, and project Work Package Leaders attended project’s first periodic review which was held in Brussels. Attendees were responsible for the overall presentation of project’s achievements in its first 16 months.
In2Stempo has 3 primary objectives: developing a smart railway power grid in an interconnected and communicated system, mapping of energy flows and usage within the entire railway system allowing for more effective energy management strategies in the future and improving the customer experience at railway stations. The project is in its early stage and is due tofinish in August 2022.
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