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TD 1.1 - Traction Systems demonstrator

Traction system (TD 1.1) will develop new traction components and subsystems using mainly silicon carbide (SiC) technologies which lead to new architectures. The work will produce TDs (including a traction system based on independently rotating wheels) to implement into a Metro, a Regional train and a High-Speed Train.

Implementation within IP1 projects


WP01 - TOP LEVEL REQUIREMENTS

The objective is to understand, specify, agree and update top-level specifications for traction systems from Roll2Rail with the operational and maintenance needs of operators to secure train operator needs for the year 2020 and beyond. With these inputs, the top-level requirements of the next generation traction systems will be described for a range of applications covering tramway, metro, sub-urban, regional and high-speed. Market segment specific requirements are developed that serve as input for the traction demonstrators.

WP02 - DEVELOPMENT OF LAB PROTOTYPES

The main objective of this WP is the development of lab prototypes of innovative Traction components and/or subsystem, at TRL2 to TRL4 levels depending on members’ contributions and prepare the defined future traction systems of IP1 vehicle (TRL7) on train testing. The objectives to be attained in this work package are:
  • Continue and extend previous developments done in Roll2Rail on Traction systems for tramways, metro, sub-urban, regional and HST taking into account the different respective markets and technical constraints and needs of each segment.
  • Increase performance and power density of the traction equipment to contribute to a higher system capacity. The reduced volume of the traction system supports realizing new train architectures with additional potential to increase the number of seats and payload. A higher efficiency of the traction system will decrease the energy consumption and less material used will decrease the capital costs. This will contribute to lower initial and operational costs and thus increases the competitiveness of the railway system.
  • Increase line capacity by reducing dwell times by using a driven independently rotating wheel architecture.

WP03 - TOOLS AND METHODOLOGIES TO REDUCE NOISE AND EMI EMISSION

The objective of this task is to develop methodologies and simulation tools able to predict the acoustic noise and EMI emissions during the development phases of the traction system and sub-systems in order to reduce, as a result, the acoustic noise and EMI (Electro-magnetic interference) emission of future traction systems.

WP04 - TOOLS AND METHODOLOGIES FOR INCREASED RELIABILITY, AVAILABILITY AND SMART MAINTENANCE

The objective of this work package is to increase reliability and availability of the traction system and the related traction components, especially SiC (Silicon Carbide) power modules, sensors and inductive components. The main items to be improved and developed in this task are:
  • Improve knowledge of mission profiles
  • Improve knowledge of failure mechanisms of critical power (traction) components
  • Improve existing methodologies for life cycle estimation of critical power (traction) electronics, especially power modules
  • Improve methodology of reliability stress test
  • Improve models for reliability and lifetime prediction
  • Develop concepts for remote diagnostics and health monitoring
  • Develop concepts and architectures for higher availability
  • Develop concepts for predictive maintenance
The work in this task will focus on (but it is not limited to) main power critical components, e.g. SiC power modules, sensors and inductive components.

WP05 - REQUIREMENTS, SPECIFICATIONS AND DEVELOPMENTS FOR VIRTUAL VALIDATION AND CERTIFICATION

The main objective of this work package is to contribute to a reduction of Rolling Stock capital costs by developing methods and simulation tools/methodologies which would enable a significant reduction in the number of traction component and system validations, homologations and physical test certifications.

WP06 - SUPPLY STANDARDISATION FOR KEY COMPONENTS & TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER

The objective is to deliver pre- standardization for key components (like semiconductors) and key technologies (like predictive maintenance, virtual certification) including an update of the relevant new technologies as well as access and transfer research results from on-going and forthcoming European research projects out of different industries, and also from research programmes outside of Europe..

WP01 - KPI Quantification and Progress

The objective of this WP is to collect and report on the progress of development activities within Shift2Rail PINTA2. The progress will be reported based on the KPIs listed in Roll2Rail and further defined in Shift2Rail PINTA phase 1.

WP02 - Development of Traction lab prototypes

The main objective of this WP is the development of prototypes of innovative Traction components and/or sub-system, at TRL5 to TRL6 levels, prepare further validation in WP11 for a long term objective to prepare the future traction systems on trains testing (TRL7) on further work of S2R Traction TD.

Regarding the link to Shift2Rail, 7 KPIs are addressed, fully in line with S2R KPIs and PINTA project :
  • LCC: Reduction of Traction capital cost, energy cost, maintenance cost
  • Reliability/punctuality: improvement of Traction reliability and availability to finally improve train punctuality at reasonable maintenance cost.
  • Train and Line capacity: reduction of weight, volume and noise of Traction to support train or line capacity improvements.

WP03 - Specifications and simulations to reduce Noise and EMI Emission

The objective of this task is to develop methodologies and simulation tools able to predict the acoustic noise and EMI emissions during the development phases of the traction system and sub-systems in order to reduce, as a result, the acoustic noise and EMI emission of future traction systems. The methodologies and tools developed in WP3 will be used, as much as possible, in the design and development of traction systems in WP2.

WP04 - Specifications and modelling for increased Reliability and Smart Maintenance

The general objective of this work package is to increase reliability and availability of the traction system and the related traction components, especially SiC power modules, sensors and inductive components.
The main items to be improved and developed in this task are: 
  • Improve knowledge of: mission profiles, failure mechanisms of critical power (traction) components 
  • Improve existing methodologies for: life cycle estimation of critical power (traction) electronics, especially power modules, reliability stress test 
  • Improve models for reliability and lifetime prediction 
  • Develop concepts for : remote diagnostics , health monitoring, predictive maintenance

WP05 - Requirements and specifications for virtual validation

The main objective of this work package is to contribute to a reduction of Rolling Stock capital costs by developing methods and simulation tools/methodologies which would enable a significant reduction in the number of traction component and system validations and physical tests.

WP06 - Pre-standardisation for key Technologies and key Deliverables

The objective is to deliver pre- standardization for key components (like semiconductors) and key technologies (like predictive maintenance, virtual certification). Members will collaborate in this task to support standardization work identified during development work in Shift2Rail PINTA2 activities; update of existing standards as well as proposals for new standards.

WP11 - Validation of Traction lab prototypes

The main objective of this WP is the test and validation of prototypes of innovative Traction components developed in WP2.

The 7 Traction KPIs progress achievements will be updated thanks to high maturity components final validation on test bench before being mounted on train for TRL7 demos (expected on Metro, Regional and HST) in a final Traction TD future project of S2R. Validation of predictive maintenance algorithms is also targeted within WP11.

WP12 - Validation of noise and EMI simulation tools

The objective of this task is to validate methodologies and simulation tools able to predict the acoustic noise and EMI emissions during the development phases of the traction system and sub-systems in order to reduce, as a result, the acoustic noise and EMI emission of future traction systems. The result of the work will reach TRL4-5.

The methodologies and tools developed in WP12 will be used, as much as possible, in the design and development of traction systems in WP11.

WP13 - Validation of reliability and smart maintenance improvements

The general objective of this work package is to increase reliability and availability of the traction system and the related traction components, especially SiC power modules, sensors and inductive components.

The specific objectives of WP13 tasks are:
  • Analysis of reliability data of traction components
  • Analysis of failure mechanisms of critical power (traction) components
  • Improve existing methodologies for life cycle estimation of critical power (traction) electronics, especially power modules
  • Development of lifetime models for aging and failure mechanisms of SiC semiconductor devices
  • Implementation of smart maintenance solutions (health monitoring and condition based maintenance)

The work in this task will focus on (but it is not limited to) main power critical components, e.g. SiC power modules, sensors and inductive components. The results, which will be delivered and fixed in the related deliverables, will have TRL 3. The results will be used as much as possible in WP2 and WP11 work.

WP14 - Development and acceptance of virtual validation concepts

The main objective of this work package is to anticipate and justify the insertion of virtual technical proof at norms and standard level and prepare guidelines for virtual validation. In continuity with the WP5, a technical justification of the simulation methodologies will be done. This would lead to important costs and time savings by a significant reduction of tests for validation.

WP02 - FIRST TRACTION ON TRAIN DEMONTRATIONS

The main objective of this WP is the on trains demonstrations innovative Traction prototypes components and/or sub-system, at TRL7 especially on Metro, Regional train. Regarding the link to Shift2Rail, 7 KPIs quantified by simulation or on test benches in previous project like PINTA and PINTA2 will be updated by experimentation or by experts’ estimations. These KPIs, fully in line with S2R KPIs and PINTA2 project are globally:
  • LCC: Reduction of Traction capital cost, energy cost, maintenance cost
  • Reliability/punctuality: improvement of Traction reliability and availability to finally improve train punctuality at reasonable maintenance cost.
  • Train and line capacity: reduction of weight, volume and noise of Traction to support train or line capacity improvements.

In more details, the objectives to be attained in this work package are:
  • Continue and extend previous developments done in PINTA2 on Traction systems for tramways, metro, sub-urban, regional and HST taking into account the different respective markets and technical constraints and needs of each segment.

WP04 - SPECIFICATIONS AND MODELLING FOR INCREASED RELIABILITY AND SMART MAINTENANCE

The general objective of this work package is to increase reliability and availability of the traction system and the related traction components, especially SiC power modules, sensors and inductive components. Increasing reliability will not only reduce Life Cycle Cost but also boost safety approvals, simplify verification and validation activities and allow operators to run trains according to their schedule and therefore increase availability.

The main items to be improved and developed in this task are:
  • Improve knowledge of: mission profiles, failure mechanisms of critical power (traction) components
  • Improve existing methodologies for: life cycle estimation and reliability stress test of critical power (traction) electronics, especially power modules
  • Improve models for reliability and lifetime prediction
  • Develop concepts for: remote diagnostics, health monitoring, predictive maintenance

The work in this task will focus on (but not limited to) main power critical components, e.g. SiC power modules, sensors and inductive components.

WP05 - DEVELOPMENT AND ACCEPTANCE OF VIRTUAL VALIDATION CONCEPTS FOR TRACTION SYSTEM

Themain objective of this work package is to contribute to a reduction of RollingStock capital costs by developing methods and simulation tools/methodologieswhich would enable a significant reduction in the number of traction componentand system validations and physical tests. The list of tests to be virtualizedproposed in PINTA will be updated and the technical maturity presented. Thisstatus will be an input to WP13 to finalize ROI analysis.


WP11 - FINAL TRACTION ON TRAINS DEMONTRATIONS

The main objective of this WP is the test and validation of prototypes of innovative Traction components developed in WP2.

The 7 Traction KPIs progress achievements will be updated thanks to high maturity components final validation on test bench before being mounted on train for TRL7 demos (expected on Metro, and HST) in this WP.

Validation of predictive maintenance algorithms is also targeted within WP11.

WP12 - VALIDATION OF RELIABILITY AND SMART MAINTENANCE IMPROVEMENTS

The general objective of this work package is to increase reliability and availability of the traction system and the related traction components, especially SiC power modules, sensors and inductive components.

Increasing reliability will not only reduce Life Cycle Cost but also boost safety approvals, simplify verification and validation activities and allow operators to run trains according to their schedule and therefore increase availability.

WP12 is the continuation of WP4; basic activities for reliability and smart maintenance improvements are done in WP4.

The specific objectives of WP12 tasks are:
  • Analysis of reliability data of traction components
  • Analysis of failure mechanisms of critical power (traction) components
  • Improve existing methodologies for life cycle estimation of critical power (traction) electronics, especially power modules
  • Development of lifetime models for aging and failure mechanisms of SiC semiconductor devices
  • Implementation of smart maintenance solutions (health monitoring and condition-based maintenance)

The work in this task will focus on (but it is not limited to) main power critical components, e.g. SiC power modules, sensors and inductive components.

WP13 - DEMONSTRATION OF VIRTUAL VALIDATION FOR TRACTION SYSTEM


The main objective of this work package is to anticipate and justify the insertion of virtual technical proof at norms and standard level and prepare guidelines for virtual validation. In continuity with the WP5, a technical justification of the simulation methodologies will be done. This would lead to important costs and time savings by a significant reduction of tests for validation. Return On Investment (ROI) analysis and a comparison with initial target will be done to build a final status of this activity within PINTA3/S2R.

WP01 - 3D additive manufacturing and new manufacturing technologies

WP02 - Wireless Dynamic Charging for urban vehicles based on SiC semi-conductors

WP03 - Investigations on reliability of traction components and lifetime mechanisms

WP04 - Big Data, Artificial Intelligence (AI) applied to Traction systems smart and predictive maintenance

TD 1.2 - Train Control and Monitoring System Demonstrator

Train control and monitoring system (TCMS) (TD 1.2). The development of a new-generation TCMS will allow current bottlenecks caused by physically coupled trains to be overcome. The new drive-by-data concept for train control, along with wireless information transmission, aims to make new control functions possible; it involves interaction between vehicles and consists, with high safety and reliability levels, through very simple physical architectures.

Implementation within IP1 projects


WP1 - GENERAL SPECIFICATION

The main objective of this WP will be to work out a general specification of the next generation TCMS (Train Control Management System) and to generate a high level system architecture that is able to provide specific requirements as input to the different tasks of the other WPs.
The main objectives of WP1 are to:
  • Provide a basis for collaboration and collecting required data
  • Collect all TCMS relevant Use Cases
  • Provide a functional (function based) architecture (meaning that TCMS functions are pictured as back boxes including their logical links)
  • Collect and provide all functional (top level) requirements
  • Collect and provide legal requirements, norms, standards, SIL Levels, …
  • Include functions for future needs of the specification
  • Reduce the overall cost of the TCMS system
  • Increase reliability of the IT system (TCMS) and decrease LCCs
  • Requirements as basic inputs for a flexible and scalable TCMS, which features single sources for common data and supports an open data exchange to coupled vehicles.

WP2 - WIRELESS TCMS AND TRAIN-TO-GROUND

The research began within Roll2Rail, where members collaborate in the basic definition and selection of the wireless technologies (incl. physical medium, architecture, protocols, RAMS & (cyber)security analysis and testing in lab …) for the train to train, intra-consist, consist to consist and train to ground (T2G) communications and for several applications (TCMS, safety functions, CCTV – Closed Circuit Television -, infotainment).
These inputs from Roll2Rail and WP1 will be reviewed and considered. Members are expected to then develop technical solutions (HW & SW) oriented to the metro segment as well as for main line vehicles, which may include wireless routers, transmitters and receivers, adaptation of software communication layers for T2G related applications. Unitary test on real vehicles before integration in the metro and regional ITD is foreseen in a later call (TRL6/7).
The members will collaborate in the basic definition and selection of the wireless technologies (incl. physical medium, architecture, protocols, RAMS & (cyber) security analysis and testing in lab…) for the train to ground (T2G) communications and for several applications (TCMS, safety related functions, CCTV, infotainment...).
The partners will then develop technical solutions consisting of hardware and software, which may include wireless routers, transmitters and receivers, and adaptation of software communication layers for the complete T2G functionality.
Another goal of this WP is to continue the validation of the technologies and architectures for the wireless TCMS starting from the outcomes of Roll2Rail and taking the laboratory testing infrastructure to a real environment at first for the consist to consist application.

WP3 - DRIVE-BY-DATA

The objectives of this WP can be summarised as follows:
  • Provide a ‘business case’ for drive-by-data
  • One train-wide communication network for full TCMS support including the replacement of train lines, which supports the secure separation of data traffic belonging to different safety integrity classes in a manner acceptable by regulatory authorities.
  • Connecting safety functions up to SIL4 and support of ‘fail-safe’ and ‘fault-tolerant’ principle.
  • Provide an optimal train network for TCMS and OMTS (on-board multimedia and telematics) services, by considering quality of service aspects like determinism, real-time behaviour, demand-response-time, guaranteed bandwidth or jitter.
  • Provide requirements on end devices (e.g. to approve network conformity and to ensure requested end-to-end demand response time) also as input for WP4 and WP5
  • Provide a communication mean also for non-TCMS functions like signalling subsystems
  • Support standard methodology & process of safety approval / authorization

WP4 - FUNCTIONAL DISTRIBUTION ARCHITECTURE

The objective of functional distribution architecture is to standardise functional interfaces of functions and sub systems as well as define a generic functional distributed architecture for the next TCMS generation.
The objective of function standardisation and open coupling is to make possible the coupling of two or more consists supplied by any manufacturer and which could have different train functions. It would also allow the control-command and monitoring of a train made of different consists supplied by any manufacturers. In order to achieve this, it is intended to elaborate application profiles for each sub-system of the train and specify, design and develop a prototype of open coupling.
The application profile will define the standardised interfaces for each sub system of the train.

WP6 - VIRTUAL PLACING ON THE MARKET

The main goal is to develop a simulation framework in which all subsystems of the train can be simulated, allowing remote and distributed testing including hardware in-the-loop through heterogeneous communication networks.
Specific goals have been defined in WP6:
  • Specification and Definition of a standardised simulation framework
  • Support virtual testing and homologation of the TCMS and its applications
  • Allow local and remote homologation through heterogeneous networks and HW-in-the-loop.
  • Complete train virtualisation based on electromechanical simulations
  • Test design, deployment and monitoring toolbox development.
  • ECN/ETB conformance testing definition and implementation

WP1 - Networking for Drive-By-Data

The goal of this WP1 is to undertake all steps to identify and mitigate technology, certification and market risks early in the development cycle of advanced integrated Ethernet-based TCMS systems and architectures with SIL4 functions and safety lines

WP2 - Functional Distribution Architecture

This WP will provide the “Functional Distribution” architecture concept for a mixed criticality embedded platform, offering an execution environment for multiple TCMS application functions with a virtual bus inside the end-system. This execution environment will ensure strict time/space partitioning, location transparency and abstraction from the underlying network protocols and HW. The architecture will include a standardized interface (API) supporting reconfiguration, scheduling of partitions, health monitoring, time management, inter-partition communication, input/output services and HW abstractions.

WP3 - Virtual Placement in the market

The objective of WP3 is to develop a distributed simulation and validation framework concept for integrated modular architectures in railways systems, which allows SIL & HIL testing along with the coupling of simulators and physical systems at different sites connected via internal LANs or the Internet.

WP1 - General Specification and updated requirements definition

The main objective of this WP will be the specification of new technologies needed for the rest of technical WPs of the project. Theses specification will define the technologies to be implemented and integrated in the urban and/or regional demonstrators.
From these technologies, some of the non-railway specific ones are expected to be implemented and provided by the complementary action (S2R-OC-IP1-01-2018).
The specific objectives of WP1 to:
  • Specify the evolution of Wireless TCMS, including T2G, WLTB and WLCN.
  • Define new Application Profiles for TCMS functions using the methodology defined in Connecta-1.
  • Extend the FDF requirements defined in Connecta-1 with the experience obtained in the implementation phase within the WP3 of this project.
  • Definition of functions for DMI for standardisation.
  • Completion of Function Open Coupling regarding the input and output needed for DMI visualization.

WP2 - Deployment of transversal technologies and analysis of new technologies

The main goal of this WP is to implement the evolved T2G specify in WP1 and the Application Profiles which will run on top of the FDF deployed in demonstrators. For T2G implementation members of the project will implement new functions of the IEC 61375-2-6 not implemented in Connecta-1. Later on, members will be expected to participate together in interoperability tests to be carried out in the laboratory and the demonstrator. Additionally, in this WP, members will work together with the X2Rail-1 project in order to extend the IEC 61375-2-6 architecture to the “Adaptable Communication” concept coming from that project in order to allow reusing the radio carriers used by signalling applications by TCMS T2G applications.
The specific objective of WP2 are:
  • Implement the rest of the functions of the IEC 61375-2-6 which have not been tested in Connecta-1.
  • Implement the extended Network Selector function of IEC 61375-2-6 to be interoperable with the “Adaptable Communication” concept coming from the X2Rail-1 project (S2R-CFM-IP2-01-2015).
  • Implement alone and together with the complementary action (S2R-OC-IP1-01-2018) different Application profiles to run on top of the FDFs deployed in WP3.

WP3 - Technical specification and implementation of components for lab demonstrators

This WP shall specify the laboratory demonstrators for an urban and a regional train application based on technologies developed in Connecta-1 and Roll2Rail. These specifications shall consider:
  • CTA1-WP2-Wireless TCMS, Train-to-ground communication and WLTB interoperability
  • CTA1-WP3-Drive-by-Data, proof-of-concept for safe train inauguration with consists from two different partners (interoperability test)
  • CTA1-WP3-Drive-by-Data, interconnecting safety functions (e.g. onboard signalling components and/or brake-by-wire) and non-safety functions with unique train communication network using the network technologies defined in CTA1.
  • CTA1-WP4-Functional Distribution Architecture, functional interoperability based on a functional distribution framework and application profiles
  • CTA1-WP4-Functional Open Coupling, deploying application profiles in train wide communication
  • CTA1-WP6-Simulation Framework and Train Virtualization, use of virtualization and validation of tools and architectures

WP4 - Test definition for lab demonstrators

The main objective of this WP is the specification of test scenarios and test cases for demonstrating the correctness integration of technologies and architectures defined in Connecta-1and Roll2Rail. These test specifications will be done for both, the urban and the regional demonstrators.
The specific objectives of WP4 are:
  • The definition of test cases and lab setup to test the Wireless TCMS, including train-to-ground, WLTB and WLCN.
  • The definition of test cases and lab setup to test the Drive-by-data defined in Connecta-1.
  • The definition of test cases and lab setup to test the Functional Distributed Framework.
  • The definition of test cases and lab setup to test the Application profiles for HVAC, BMS and/or Doors running on top of the Functional Distributed Framework.
  • The definition of test cases and test scenarios for Functional Open Coupling functionality.
  • The definition of test cases and test scenarios for Virtual Homologation Framework.

WP5 - Implementation and test execution in urban lab demonstrator

The WP will aim at integrating technologies developed in Connecta-1 and Roll2Rail in the urban demonstrator. This demonstrator should be the basis for the future validation and later deployment on real vehicles. It will ensure technical and functional interoperability of technologies and architectures from different suppliers defined in the following Connecta-1 work packages:
  • Wireless Train Backbone and Train-to-Ground communications Drive-by-data
  • Functional Distribution Framework
  • Application Profiles
  • Virtual Homologation Framework

WP6 - Implementation and test execution in regional lab demonstrator

This WP seeks to integrate technologies developed in Connecta-1 and Roll2Rail in a regional lab environment. This demonstrator should be the basis for the future validation and later deployment on real vehicles. It will ensure technical and functional interoperability of technologies and architectures from different suppliers defined in the following Connecta-1 work packages:
  • Train-to-Ground communication
  • Drive-by-data + integration of onboard signalling components and/or brake-by-wire
  • Functional Distribution Framework + integration of 3rd party function (OC)
  • Functional Open Coupling (optional)
  • Application Profiles
  • Wireless TCMS (regional with support of OC)
  • Virtual Homologation Framework

WP1 - TSN-based Drive-by-Data

The goal of the Drive-by-Data network is to provide a robust, safe and secure communication system for the nextgeneration TCMS, including real-time, mission-critical and non-critical functions. The DbD network will be based on strict temporal and spatial partitioning provided by deterministic Ethernet to provide the necessary means for data communication for all subsystems in the train.
This WP1 implements the components (up to TRL5) for the Drive-by-Data network, based on the high-level requirements, concept and specification from Safe4RAIL and CONNECTA. Furthermore, WP1 covers the support to the demonstrators in the CFM project by providing the networking components and integration support during the preparation of the two demonstrators.
WP1 targets the following objectives:
  1. Development of Ethernet Train Backbone Nodes (ETBNs) for train-wide communication
  2. Development of safe train inauguration algorithms
  3. Development of Consist Switches (CS) for consist-wide communication.
  4. Development of required networking components for safety-related End Devices (ED) to connect them to the network, and their integration into the Functional Distribution Framework (COM Layer, drivers)
  5. Interoperability test specification and execution of the interoperability tests of the project’s ETBNs and CS. 
  6. Provide support to the CFM project demonstrator objectives

WP2 - Future Wireless TCMS

The activity in WP2 will be focused on several aspects for enabling the future deployment of a wireless TCMS. The core activities of this WP will be the development of LTE equipment suitable for Wireless Train Backbone (WLTB), in particular supporting deterministic D2D multicast communications. The train inauguration, considered a representative example of train backbone functionalities, will be validated using these LTE equipment.
Several complementary topics will also be analyzed, such as the performance of LTE links in challenging railway environments, the integration of heterogeneous on-board wireless links, and the integration of DbD concept (WP1) with wireless technologies. Future aspects such as upcoming 5G technology and virtual coupling will also be covered.
Additionally, an extension to the wireless consist network will also be considered.
This WP will take as baseline the LTE laboratory tests of Roll2Rail project done with real railway channels. Besides, LTE devices will be integrated in the CFM demonstrators (up to TRL 4), as a result of WP2.
The following specific objectives can be identified for this WP:
  1. Development of LTE equipment suitable for wireless TCMS, including an impact analysis on ETBNs.
  2. ETB interoperability tests with wireless train inauguration in CFM demonstrators.
  3. Analysis of specific wireless issues, such as:
    1. Performance in challenging and busy railway environments, e.g. main stations
    2. Integration of on-board wireless systems, including signalling
    3. Evolution of DbD towards wireless technologies
    4. Extension to Wireless Consist Network
  4. Future wireless aspects:
    1. Analysis of 5G technology in wireless TCMS
    2. Wireless technologies for Virtual Coupling

WP3 - Functional Distribution Framework and Simulation Framework

The Functional Distribution Framework (FDF) aims to offer an execution environment for distributed TCMS applications up to SIL4 that ensures a strict spatial and temporal partitioning, location transparency and abstraction from the underlying network protocols and hardware. The Simulation Framework (SF) enables remote and distributed validation of all TCMS subsystems, supporting SIL & HIL testing at different sites connected via internal LANs or the Internet.
The objective in WP3 istwofold: (1) integration of an HVAC train subsystem function into CFM’sFDFs and (2) enabling the remote control and monitoring of an HVAC subsystem by means of CFM’s SF.
With regard to the integration into the FDF, an HVAC train function will be specified and implemented to be compliant with the high-level architecture resulting from CONNECTA and SAFE4RAIL and with the associated ApplicationProfile given by CONNECTA (up to TRL5). This will ensure interoperability of train applications withFDF instantiations, that is, ‘plug-n-play’ functionality and compatibility of this function among different HVAC vendors.
On the other hand, this Work Package will be also responsible for ensuring the right integration of HVAC into FDF and SF, so that a system validation can be performed by CFM members. To achieve it, WP3 will carefully analyse CFM’s demo specification and design the needed adaptations in the HVAC system for the two demonstrators in the CFM project. During the latest 6 months of the project, this WP will provide support to the CFM project towards a successful integration of the HVAC system into both demonstrators.
The outcome from this WP will be a HVAC function integrated into the CFM’stwoFunctional DistributionFrameworks and enabling a HVAC system to be remotely controlled within CFM’s Simulation Framework. The use of standardized functional interfaces provided by FDF and standardized application interfaces (Application Profile) will contribute to the evolution towards the standardization and interoperability of TCMS

WP1 - Deployment of high TRL

Same as miniwebsite

WP2 - Urban High TRL Demonstrators Management

Same as miniwebsite

WP3 - Regional High TRL Demonstrators Management

Same as miniwebsite

WP4 - New functionalities for NG-TCMS

Same as miniwebsite

WP5 - Integration of NG-TCMS with other on-board systems

Same as miniwebsite

WP01 - Next generation TCMS

WP02 - Next generation wireless TCMS

WP03 - Building tools, safety & security assessment, and Test integration

TD 1.3 - Carbody Shell Demonstrator

The new generation of car body shells (TD 1.3) using composite or other lightweight materials will be a step change in the sector, leading to significantly lighter vehicles that carry more passengers within the same axle load constraints, use less energy and have a reduced impact on rail infrastructure.

Implementation within IP1 projects


WP1 - Carbody Study

The main objective of WP1 is to define the material, joints and manufacturing process to be used during the build-up of demonstrator.

WP1 will start by defining the main technical specifications of the project taking into account current standards and the results available from the REFRESCO and Roll2Rail projects. In addition to the Technical Specification, the main objective is the selection of the material, joints and manufacturing process to be used based on a global study of available materials carbody, joining technologies and manufacturing process, together with the definition of an assessment methodology for validating the different demonstrators developed, due to the lack of certain standards regarding the possible new materials and joints (composites, foams, bonding, etc.). Supported by the matrix assessment created on REFRESCO project and Roll2Rail project, it will be necessary to define a new materials selection for each component of the carbody. The materials selection will be an input for the detail design.

WP2 - Carbody Design

The main objective of WP2 is to develop conceptual designs of some key elements such as HS carbody, bogie bolster, metro carbody section, parts of a sidewall or roof which will be then further taken up during the next Shift2Rail projects. TALGO, ANN, FIDAMC and TECNALIA will focus on the conceptual design of a complete HS carbody; BT will concentrate on the conceptual design of a bogie bolster; CAF will work on the conceptual design of a metro carbody section and SIE will work on the conceptual design of parts of a sidewall or roof. This design will be carried out assuring the fulfilment of the structural and non-structural requirements identified in the technical specification and according to the assessment methodology. The design will be completed with a weight analysis that will be used to calculate the weight reduction.

WP2 - New materials for rolling stock

  • To develop novel resins that are suitable for the manufacturing of fibre reinforced composites (FRPs) for railway applications fulfilling all the railway environment requirements regarding Fire, Smoke and Toxicity (FST), mechanical performance and cost effective manufacturing
  • To determine and select the best fibre reinforcement based on glass, carbon or basalt to fabricate the composite that meet all the railway environment requirements regarding quality and cost.
  • To determine the most suitable manufacturing processes for the fibre reinforced composites (FRPs) based on the novel resins developed
  • To manufacture FRC sheets based on the resins and fibres developed to be tested and characterized in WP4
  • To evaluate the cost of composite parts for the carbodyshell based on the novel resins

WP3 - Development of structural joints for railway applications

  • To develop a methodology to prove operational stability for structural adhesive joints (and combinations with other joining technologies) and prepare for homologation procedures
  • To develop concepts for permanent structural joining technologies for dissimilar and/or polymeric materials which follow requirements for maintenance and repair
  • To develop concepts for joining technologies for dissimilar and/or polymeric materials which follow re-quirements for refitting

WP4 - Testing and characterisation of composites and joints

  • Test reaction to fire properties of the FRPs and joints developed in WPs 2 and 3 according to EN45545-2 standard
  • Design application cases and test fire resistance properties of the FRPs and joints developed in WPs 2 and 3 according to the EN45545-3 standard
  • Develop methods for fatigue testing and assessment for FRPs according to railway requirements
  • Perform the characterisation of mechanical properties of FRPs and joints

WP01 - Car body - Detail design

The main objective of WP1 is to develop the detail designs of some key elements such as HS carbody, headstock carbody section or short couple element defined in PIVOT.
  • TALGO, ANN, FIDAMC and TECNALIA will focus on the design of a complete HS carbody;
  • BT will concentrate on the headstock carbody section;
  • CAF will work on the design of a structural cabin for a metro;
  • SMO will work on the design of short couple element;
  • TRV will work on the multi-functional optimization tools required to make novel topologies that will fulfil weight reductions while meeting functional constraints on acoustics and vibrations.

These designs will be carried out assuring the fulfilment of the structural and non-structural requirements identified in the technical specifications and according to the assessment methodology. The design will be completed with a weight analysis that will be used to calculate the weight reduction, base of the KPI definition.

WP01 - Car body - Detail design

The main objective of WP1 is to develop the detail designs of some key elements such as HS carbody, headstock carbody section or short couple element defined in PIVOT.
  • TALGO, ANN, FIDAMC and TECNALIA will focus on the design of a complete HS carbody;
  • BT will concentrate on the headstock carbody section;
  • CAF will work on the design of a structural cabin for a metro;
  • SMO will work on the design of short couple element;
  • TRV will work on the multi-functional optimization tools required to make novel topologies that will fulfil weight reductions while meeting functional constraints on acoustics and vibrations.

These designs will be carried out assuring the fulfilment of the structural and non-structural requirements identified in the technical specifications and according to the assessment methodology. The design will be completed with a weight analysis that will be used to calculate the weight reduction, base of the KPI definition.

WP02 - Carbody- Manufacturing of elementary parts

The main aim of WP2 is to finish the manufacturing engineering and develop the tooling needed for the manufacturing of demonstrator. In this phase manufacturing of each subassembly of the different demonstrators will be carried out. As part of the work also the optimization tools developed in WP1 will be employed to perform numerical designs and experimentations on multi-functional car body subcomponents.

This activity is also closely related with the Workstream 1, 3 and 4 of OC (WS 1: New tooling for composite car body manufacturing, WS 3 Process automation concepts for Composite Carbody Manufacturing it is important to take into account the dimension of the component to dimension tooling and process and WS 4 Process integrating joint concepts and modular concepts for Composite Car body Manufacturing).

WP03 - Carbody- Assembly of Demonstrator and Testing

One of the objectives of WP3 is the assembly of the three demonstrators developed in WP1 and WP2. To check and characterize the prototypes different quality procedures and reports will be performed.

The other objective is to assess the concepts of composites technology on carbodies, as well as the multi-functional optimization tools developed in WP1 and WP2, different testing campaign will be performed over the three demonstrators manufactured.

This WP is also related with WS 2 of OC (Car body Structural Health Monitoring Systems for Composites and for Metal-Composite Interfaces).

WP04 - Carbody – KPI and Homologation activities

WP4 looks to take special attention on KPI defined at the beginning of the Project, therefore the performances in terms of weight and manufacturability will be check in detail. In addition, homologation procedures and long-term activities along the project will be part of this WP.

WP01 - New tooling for composite car body manufacturing

The WP1 will provide modular tools to produce different composite parts as defined by PIVOT

WP02 - Car body Structural Health Monitoring Systems for Composites and Metal-Composite Interfaces

WP2 aims at contributing to the reduction of manufacturing, commissioning, operating and maintenance costs

WP03 - Process automation concepts for Composite Car body Manufacturing

WP3 has the following goals: Development of an automated out of autoclave resin infusion process based on smart and self-heating mould and reusable self-heating membrane; Robotized lay-up and laser cutting preform for car body composite manufacturing; Development of embedded control architecture for automated out of autoclave resin infusion process control.

WP04 - Process integrating joint concepts & modular concepts for Composite Car body Manufacturing

WP4 has the following goals: - Develop multi-material integrated joints and inserts in order to reduce the number of steps in car body manufacturing and weight reduction
- Develop 3D printed tools and inserts that will help to the modularity of the process manufacturing and car body weight reduction.
- Introduce co-cured and co-bonded composite parts in order to reduce the manufacturing cost
- Manufacturing, validation, testing and evaluate number of steps reduction in car body part manufacturing.

WP01 - Terms of reference, requirements and specifications

WP02 - Development of inspection methods for composite and hybrid components for both monolithic and sandwich types

WP03 - Development of prototype equipment for inspection of carbody shell

WP07 - Evaluation and validation of concepts

TD 1.4 - Running Gear Demonstrator

Running gear (TD 1.4) will develop innovative combinations of new architectural concepts, new actuators in new lighter materials leading to new functionalities, and significantly improved performance levels with the possibility of vibration energy recovery. A mechatronic bogie able to steer through points and crossings will open huge possibilities for a new design philosophy in collaboration with IP3.

Implementation within IP1 projects


WP3 - Smart Running Gear

The general goal of this work package is to boost the introduction of smart innovative solution in running gear systems in order to improve their dynamic behaviour and reduce their overall cycle cost (by reducing the track damage, unavailability costs and maintenance cost). These improvements must be obtained without reducing the current safety standards.

The following detailed objectives are defined:
  • Establish an accepted general framework to develop health monitoring systems (HMS) for condition based maintenance (CBM). Prototypes based on these requirements will be developed.
  • Create technology-based background to develop innovative active steering systems that allow a significant improvement of dynamic behaviour to be achieved.
  • Develop new active suspension systems to increase network capacity by allowing higher operating speeds in curves while maintaining or improving passenger comfort
  • Define requirements and specifications for the different technologies related to the above-mentioned systems (sensors for CBM based systems, data collection systems, actuators…)

WP4 - Running Gear Performance

The main objective of this WP is to define methodologies which will improve the performance of the running gears in terms of weight, wheel/rail forces, wear, energy cost, noise emission, vibrations transmission to the carbody, cost of homologation, etc. All these actions are focused in the reduction of LCC, the increase of reliability and capacity, and they will be supported by the Universal Cost Model developed in Roll2Rail project to check the impact of all of them. To achieve this ambitious objective, some sub-objectives and actions have been defined:
  • A common technical specification for high performance running gear will be defined to harmonize different objectives, procedures and research lines of the different vehicle manufacturers.
  • Use of new materials for running gear components to optimize its weight and wheel/rail contact interface.
  • Noise and Vibration reduction to improve passenger comfort and reduce their effects over the population, especially in urban areas.
  • To enable easier running gear certification processes using virtual homologation techniques.
  • Analysis of current regulatory framework affected by introduced technologies.

WP1 - Innovative sensors & condition monitoring

WP2 - Optimised materials

WP2 will assess key areas where standards or culture need to be changed to allow the adoption of novel materials.Each key subsystem will be assessed in terms of performance requirements and it will be defined and the most appropriate solution evaluated. Simulation tools will be used to produce load cases for the input to this process and to assess the overall performance of the system as the output.

WP3 - Active suspension & control technology

WP3 will address the issues of active suspension and control technology as follows:
  • A state of the art study on existing actuator technology. A comparison between different types of actuators regarding their performance and cost shall be carried out. Especially applications from e.g. the automotive industry shall be looked at regarding their applicability in railway vehicles.
  • The second task will investigate new concepts for actuations on existing vehicles to optimize the cost benefit ratio shall be investigated and active technology which can make single axle running gear vehicles a competitive alternative to today’s bogie vehicles.
  • The third task will be on authorisation of vehicles with active technology. How could an authorisation procedure look like that guarantees a manageable homologation process on one side and reliable operation on the other side? Which impact might the introduction of active technology have on existing standards?

WP4 - NOISE & VIBRATION

The objective of WP4 is to develop tools and methodologies for predicting the transmission of noise and vibration from the running gear into the carbody and new technologies for reducing noise and vibration transmission in order to improve passenger comfort.

WP05 - Smart running gear development

This WP will start from the concepts developed within PIVOT project and will be developed further achieving a level of maturity that will allow the development of different technical demonstrators in the WP6 (TRL 6-7).

WP06 - Evaluation of smart running gear demonstrators

In this WP several demonstrators are foreseen to be developed, produced, tested and evaluated for the main development streams: Sensor and health monitoring functionality; Active Suspension and control technology.

WP07 - Development of Running Gear Components

The main objectives of this WP are: Weight reduction which will facilitate a reduction in the engineering and integration effort and generate energy savings through the whole life cycle; Lower unsprung mass to help reduce track damage, wear and vibrations to contribute to a reduction in system cost; Recommendations for validation methods for reduced noise and vibration running gear; More efficient authorisation with a reduction in cost, time and effort.

WP08 - Evaluation of Running Gear Components

In this WP several demonstrators are foreseen to be developed, produced, tested and evaluated for the main development streams: Noise and Vibration reduction; Optimised Materials; Virtual certification.

WP01 - Universal Cost Model 2.0

Technical innovations in running gear design, like new materials to reduce weight or active suspension to reduce track deterioration, do not easily find their way into the market nowadays

WP02 - Contribution of high end solutions to the development of running gear innovations

This work package will develop the emerging methods for manufacturing railway running gear components using novel materials and will produce and test sample components using novel materials

WP03 - Wheelset of the future

The main objective of this workstream is a feasibility study on the use of composite materials for the construction of railway wheelsets


WP01 - Terms of reference, requirements and specifications

WP04 - Assessment and selection of technology concepts for running gear

WP05 - Development of elastomer-based running gear components with enhanced performance

WP06 - Development of innovative journal bearing elements with enhanced performance

WP07 - Evaluation and validation of concepts

TD 1.5 - Brake Systems Demonstrator

New braking systems (TD 1.5) with higher brake rates and lower noise emissions will provide major capacity gains in terms of mass and volume in bogies, paving the way for a fresh revisit of bogie design. When these are combined with traction innovations, the next generation of passenger rolling stock will be able to offer improvements in acceleration and deceleration rates, leading to greater overall line capacity for trains.

Implementation within IP1 projects


WP07 - ADHESION DETECTION AND LOW ADHESION MANAGEMENT

The objective of this work package is to map different adhesion conditions occurring in rail traffic. With the resulting adhesion catalogue, predictions to adhesion conditions dependant on seasonal influences and locations can be given. This data collection is the basis for a standardized adhesion detection concept.

WP08 - ADHESION MODELING AND LABORATORY & TRACK REPRODUCTION SYSTEMS

The main objective of this WP is to specify and realise a WSP (Wheel Slide Protection) test bench demonstrator based on the results of WP7. Test bench design objectives are:
  • Reproducibility of test results.
  • Reproducibility of real track test results.
  • Standardized interoperable test method and reporting.
  • Reduce the number of track tests needed for certification of WSP systems.
  • Proposal for EN, UIC, etc. standards up to date to promote standard test rigs for WSP certification
Within the work package objectives, an adhesion model will be developed to better reproduce in laboratory the real low adhesion conditions happening on track. Based on the adhesion model standard test benches will be defined for the realisation of approval tests for low adhesion management systems, e.g. friction and/or electrical wheel slide protection

WP5 - HIGH SAFETY LEVEL ELETRONIC SOLUTIONS FOR BRAKE CONTROL

This work package aims to develop an electronic HW-SW architecture designed to manage all the braking functions (service, holding, emergency, safety brake, wheel slide protection) according to proper high safety levels (SIL3, SIL4).
Main objectives are:
  • Performance improvement in safety relevant braking functions resulting in optimisation of the braking distances in safety braking
  • On board system optimisation, reducing the number of sophisticated pneumatic components, improving overall LCC
  • Use of communication standards carrying high SIL related information coordinated with WP3
  • Validation of non-railway EN standards to be used in railways safety related application.

WP4 - Brake by wire

WP4 focuses on developing a novel fully electronic architectural concept based on existing drive-by-wire technologies. The main objective will be given to safety electronic control development and definition of safety communication requirements, which will later enter in the architectural HW and SW concept design for a selected brake function.

WP5 - Development of future brake system solutions

This work package aims to develop the future brake system concept based on complementary technologies and consideration of both adhesion-dependent and adhesion-independent approaches such as innovative friction pair solutions, designed to dissipate all the braking energy for service braking and for emergency braking and for emergency braking and designed to achieve better LCCs of the components, electro-mechanical solutions and frictionless low-noise solutions, including the development of proposals for technical standardization in the assessment of brake systems and virtual certification. In addition, an electronic HWSW architecture is to be designed to manage the braking functions service brake, emergency brake, and wheel slide protection for high safety levels (SIL3, SIL4). In synergy, these actions will result in a full-system-approach technology demonstrator. Several sub-objectives are defined and will be developed:
  • Implementation of safety functions based on pneumatic solutions suitable to be implemented by electronic HW&SW, with high safety levels (SIL3, SIL4)
  • An interoperable, standardized and highly safe next-generation frictionless low-noise brake system (eddy current brake)
  • Innovative friction pair solutions with performances improvement in the friction pairing regarding friction level itself, behavior friction level (reduced spread, temperature, pressure dependency, …) as well as behavior of friction level on bad conditions (wet, dust, …), higher energy consumption, and the environmental impact reduction. Moreover, the plan is for performance improvement in the wear conditions regarding longer lifetime of brake pad and disk, better predictions of wear, reduced weight of the components (especially reduced rotary masses).
  • Considerably improved electro-mechanical brake solutions to fulfil increased requirements concerning reliability, the effective transfer of force, better control and diagnosis, eco-friendly maintainability – and competitive enough to be expanded to other vehicle types
  • Defining virtual certification standards and processes to enable cheaper and faster certification and authorization of brake systems and their components

WP07 - ADHESION TEST AIMED TOWARDS NORMATIVE CHANGES

One objective of this work package WP7 is to set the basis for further collection of information on different adhesion conditions for the adhesion catalogue compiled within PINTA. The data collected later on will support the development of the adhesion related solutions. The main objective of this work package is to specify adhesion management solutions, based on the knowledge on adhesion from PINTA and the information gathered from the measurements therein. First feasibility studies of sub-functions will be done.

WP08 - Business case, WSP test bench update and solution concepts

The main objective of this WP is to specify new adhesion management prototypes. The first specification describes a WSP adaptive algorithm able to outperform current WSP devices in terms of extension of braking distances on a wide range of low adhesion conditions. This specification and the prototype produced in WP16 will lead to a demonstrator in PINTA3. From a performance point of view, it will reduce the braking distance extension from 25% to 15% and reduce the LCC due to a lower occurrence of wheel flats.

The second specification describes an adhesion improvement dispenser with the aim of minimizing the influence of the train speed on the number of particles reaching the contact point.

This WP will also propose new concepts for blending strategies, based on the communication between the TCU and BCU. proposed in order to use the Electrodynamic and Electropneumatic brakes without causing loss of performance or wheel flats. This will lead to a lower wear rate of the brakes and a higher efficiency of the braking sequence.

This WP will furthermore allow to update the activities started in PINTA on the topic of the WSP test bench with the knowledge acquired from the implementation of the specifications. Furthermore, a business case will be defined in order to understand where on the rail network these enhanced performances can be most beneficial.

WP15 - Solutions for Elimination of negative Adhesion Effects

One objective of this work package WP15 is to collect information on different adhesion conditions for the adhesion catalogue compiled within PINTA based on the available scenarios defined within WP7. The information gathered should further support the development of the adhesion related solutions. Beyond, based on this data the WSP test bench models defined within PINTA will be confirmed or updated (WP16). The generation of data might be done using test rigs, e.g. roller rigs, or if available trains on a test track. Based on the availability it is improbable to do measurement of data on public tracks during service.

The main objective of this WP15 is to develop adhesion management solutions up to TRL3-4 (technology validated in lab) based on the specifications made in WP7.

The requirements specified for adhesion related products and the proposals for normative changes will be detailed. Necessary changes/ updates will be made in order to prepare input for WP6 which is collecting all inputs for normative changes from the PINTA work packages.

WP16 - Blending, WSP, sanding dispenser and efficient force transmission solutions

The main objective of this WP is to develop and test new adhesion management prototypes according to the specifications created in WP8.

The assessment of the performance of the Adhesion improving dispenser and the Adaptive WSP prototype is made and related to the previously defined specifications. The WSP prototype will then lead to a demonstrator in PINTA3.

The assessment of the performance of a system for optimized adhesion utilization is also part of the scope of this WP. based on the knowledge on adhesion gathered within the previous PINTA phase, a SW prototype will be developed up to TRL3-4 in order to realise an optimised adhesion utilisation and efficient force transmission in low adhesion conditions. The prototype renders the possibility to use additional information in order to improve the performance compared to current solutions.

The evaluation of blending concepts proposed in WP8 will also take place, based on SW and simulations.

The follow up of the activities started in PINTA will continue concerning the Adhesion model. This allows an update of the specification with the knowledge acquired from the measurements and their analysis, and if necessary modify the structure to take into account a new phenomenon.

WP5 - Dissemination, Exploitation, Impact Management and Cooperation with Shift2Rail

This WP will ensure proper dissemination and promotion of the project and its results, in a way which is consistent with the wider dissemination and promotion activities of Shift2Rail. It will also ensure that all important actors in the European railway sector are informed about RUN2Rail, its objectives, content and results. It will also facilitate acceptance of the project outcomes by the standards and regulatory bodies as well as by the main actors of the EU rail sector.

WP09 - Brake System Design Phase

The aim of this WP is to provide an innovative point of view in new brakes technology. The strict collaboration in this WP will lead to a new generation of brakes system able to bridge the gap between environmental aims and market needs.

WP10 - Brake System Implementation Phase

WP11 - Brake System Test Phase

The aim of this WP is to provide an innovative point of view in new brakes technology. The strict collaboration in this WP will lead to a new generation of brakes system able to bridge the gap between environmental aims and market needs.

TD 1.6 - Doors and Access Systems Demonstrator

Innovative doors (TD 1.6) aim to move away from current access solutions based on honeycomb and aluminium or steel sheets; their drawbacks relate to energy consumption, and noise and thermal transmission. New lightweight composite structures could be made to react faster at existing safety and reliability levels, reducing platform dwell times and increasing overall line capacity. Customer-friendly information systems and improved access for people with reduced mobility using sensitive edges and light curtains are part of this new development.

Implementation within IP1 projects


WP6 - Entrance Systems

To enhance the overall Shift2Rail objectives, the Entrance System work-package contributes to reach the dedicated following targets:
  • Finalize prerequisite studies on composite, plastic and composite materials and technologies to launch the conceptual design of innovative leaves
  • Perform the conceptual design of adaptive gap fillers with the target to reduce threshold heights and gaps to 10 mm instead of 50 mm, as permitted today
  • Perform conceptual studies of innovative passengers information systems, new sensors technologies and door entry surveillance technologies for improved accessibility to the train with the target of reducing the number of noise producing PRM devices by an estimated number of approximately 10% of the actual cases and improving the passenger information, assistance and help and increase the safety and the door surveillance
  • Perform the conceptual design of both metallic-based and composite-based leaves to reach 3W/m²K as thermal performance and increase door acoustic attenuation by 3dB, with priority given to high speed and regional trains on both thermal and acoustic behavior.
  • Reduce door weight by up to 10 % depending on the train family

WP5 - Access door systems

The main objective of this work-package is the development of innovative doors leaves designs looking for the improvements in terms of weight, acoustic attenuation and thermal insulation specified in the call. To achieve this goal, the approach proposed is based on: i) introduction of new materials and/or multi-material solutions, taking advantage of the latest developments in terms of resins, composites, new metallic alloys, foams/cores and adhesives and also in terms of manufacturing and joining/assembling techniques; ii) utilization of different design and analysis tools integrated in a systematic innovation strategy, to ensure the analysis of the widest range of concepts/solutions and their objective evaluation; and iii) application of standardised analysis methods integrated in a procedure for low cost manufactured oriented railway parts, needed to develop and evaluate the doors concepts. The specific objectives of the work-package are to:
  • Define requirements and specifications for the door leaves of access doors
  • Identify, analyse and select door concepts, materials and processes
  • Develop door concepts. Study, benchmark and choose door leaves architecture and assembly solutions for their manufacturing

WP12 - Entrance Systems Design and Tests

This work package is mainly focused on the design phase. In addition, a collaboration with Connecta-2 project on door application profile and functional distribution framework will lead to a review of documentation.

WP13 - Entrance Systems Manufacturing and tests

This work package is mainly focused on the manufacturing phase.

WP14 - Entrance Systems demonstrations, tests and synthesis

This work package is mainly focused on test, demonstration and transversal activities

WP05 - New tooling for Composite Door Leaves manufacturing

The main goal of the WS5 is to provide a manufacturing solution able to produce the composite door leaves as defined by PIVOT

WP06 - Solutions for thermal and noise reduction in the neighbourhood of the door

WP6 aims at: - Finding right combination of materials to improve thermal features; - Finding right combination of geometry and materials to improve acoustic features; - Finding optimum conditions and requirements for efficient and time lasting sealing technology

WP07 - Accessibility to passenger trains (ramps, thresholds, gap filler)

The specific goals of WS7 have been analyzed and interpreted as follows: 1. To update specifications (functional and technical requirements) and development tests for the PIVOT2 project in order to manufacture the doors and the whole accessibility system of the mockup defined during PIVOT project; 2. To evaluate the demonstrator mockup and the solutions developed within PIVOT2 project with a representative panel of persons with reduced mobilities and in other complex boarding and alighting conditions; 3. To check the technologies used to manufacture the mockup by PIVOT2, in order to evaluate its feasibility (solution of arising technical and operational problems) and effects on costs; 4. To qualify the testing process to allow the re-use of tools and methods across similar projects and to reduce the non-recurring costs in the validation and certification phases.

TD 1.7 - Train Modularity In Use

Train modularity in use (TD 1.7) will develop new modular concepts for train interiors that allow operators to adapt the vehicle layout to the actual usage conditions, and will improve passenger flows, thus optimising both the capacity of the vehicle and dwell times.

Implementation within IP1 projects


WP7 - Modular Interiors

The overall objective of the TMIU TD is to make railway transport more attractive to passengers and more flexible to operators. The interior design of current Rolling Stock is not so adapted to the demand of flexibility to meet the passenger demand during the in-service operating life of a train (40 years). There is a risk that the solution integrated becomes quickly obsolete and does not meet the passenger/operator expectations. This TD will mainly work on Modularity In Use (MIU).

The WP is organised around 3 phases: defining the needs: state of art and knowledge (railway transportation and other domains), characterizing new concepts for interiors design and driver cabin and identifying the impact of few selected concepts by pre-feasibility studies.

The main objectives are:
  • Adapt the train interiors/driver cabin to increase capacity
  • Adapt the dwell time at stations by improving passenger flow in and out of train and between vestibule and saloon
  • Reduce the cost of a refurbishment
  • Increase the possibilities to evolve train interiors/driver cabin during the operating life

WP6 - Innovative plug & play systems

  • Improve ability for train interiors to be more easily upgraded and modified during their service life when an interior can be refurbished, refitted or replaced with either a new interior or interior part elements.
  • Create system for train operators who wish to be able to reconfigure the interior layout of a train as well as the services offering elements that add to passenger comfort. To do this more easily and just in time to react to dynamic needs and in response to changes in interior trends.
  • Develop an overarching design concept like a limbic system, for new electric utilities that demonstrates an innovation in the provision of services for passenger comfort in a modular and adaptable way, supported by design detailing that validates the key concept innovations with visualisations and UX mock ups.

WP7 - Innovative seats

  • To develop a hyper flexible and intelligent new ultra-lightweight seat system (i.e. supporting structure and fabric) that has no specific “drive” direction and can be arranged and fitted in a super dense as well as rapid way. Using flexible textile materials that can react to various ergonomic states and offer outstanding comfort for the reduced material construction.
  • To design a new solution based on application innovation, dynamic structure, plug & slide solutions and new flexible materials.

WP8 - Innovative driver's desk

The overall aim is to develop a driver’s stand design that combines a compact driver’s space with an easily evolutive built-up and modularity of the equipment as well as the possibility to integrate the desk on demand. Specific objectives are to:
  • Identify needs and opportunities in order to prepare a comprehensive knowledge base for the subse-quent activities.
  • Develop 2D- and 3D-models of the stand including the modular built-up of the driver’s seat
  • Implement the design in form of a virtual prototype for finalisation of the design process

WP15 - Modular Interiors Feasibility

The Modular Interiors WP15 is split into three main parts: one for the common view, another one for interiors design and the last one for driver’s cabin.
The first 15 months are focused on pre-studies. The WP members will use the state-of-art and knowledges from PIVOT and M4R to develop a pre-project. The group will propose concepts in accordance to the objectives.
The WP is organised in two groups: one focused on interiors and the other one focused on driver cabin. The group “driver cabin” will follow the road map from PIVOT WP7 and realize the pre-feasibility studies for new concepts. The group “interiors” will define the concepts to develop and realize the pre-studies of these concepts.
The WP is organised around 4 items:
  • To define the common view to build the concepts with the deliverables from PIVOT WP7 and M4R WP6, 7 and 8
  • To make choices of the concepts to develop for interiors design and driver cabin
  • To start the studies of final concepts
  • To propose proofs of concepts for Innotrans 2020 The main objectives of the WP15 TD1.7 are:
  • Valid the concepts to reduce the cost of an interiors redesign
  • Valid the concepts to increase the possibilities to evolve fully or partially train interiors/driver cabin during the operating life

WP16 - Modular Interiors Development

The main target of WP16 is to validate by studies the main lines of the pre-project and search to respond to the needs and provide targeted solutions.
WP16 is organised around 2 main guidelines:
  • To study the final concepts
  • To prepare the prototyping of concepts for Innotrans 2022 The main objectives are:
  • Valid the KPI, reduce cost and time, to design and redesign the interiors of train during the operating life
  • Valid new proposals to evolve the experiences on board, fully or partially, for train interiors/driver cabin during the operating life
  • Build an eco-design comparison with the existing reference with modularity as a key performance

WP17 - Modular Interiors Demonstrators and Final report

The main target of the WP17 is to demonstrate the benefits of the solutions developed during S2R TD1.7 The WP3 is organised around 2 main guidelines:
  • To valid and test the solutions with the most representative products
  • To realise final prototypes of concepts for Innotrans 2022
The main objectives are:
  • Demonstrate by prototyping the benefits of new concepts to reduce cost and time to re/design interiors and to evolve the experiences on board, fully or partially, for train interiors/driver cabin during the operating life
  • Write the final report of S2R TD1.7

WP08 - Modular Interior’s concepts and virtual immersive interior design configurator tool

WP8 aims at - Developing various interior designs for future trains by taking the needs of the passengers into account. - Developing a Virtual Reality enabled configuration tool for the interior of passenger and driver’s cabin. - Building mock-ups of the previously designed interior.

WP09 - New tooling for Composite interiors manufacturing

WP9 will provide a modular tooling to produce interior parts as defined by PIVOT

WP10 - Innovative Driving cabin

This WS consists in identifying the expectations of train drivers or other railway operator staffs about HMI in future cabins

WP11 - Integrated low volt circuits in panel

The main goal of this Work Stream is to achieve the integration of new functionalities such as low volt circuits in composite panels to provide electricity to the passenger lights, electronic device charging points, speakers, etc

TD 1.8 - Heating, Ventilation, Air conditioning and Cooling (HVAC)

Heating, Ventilation, Air conditioning and Cooling (TD 1.8) will develop new eco-friendly HVAC systems, based on natural gases, with a low Life-Cycle cost and better integrated in the vehicle; standardized interfaces and integration of a heat pump are envisaged as well.

Implementation within IP1 projects


WP18 - Eco-friendly HVAC with natural refrigerants

  • Push the development of eco-friendly HVAC systems with natural refrigerants to overcome the limitation of artificial refrigerants within the European Union
  • Gain a margin for European HVAC-suppliers in relation to developments outside of Europe
  • Reduce energy consumption of vehicles

WP07 - HVAC FIELD TEST

  • Test of eco-friendly HVAC systems with natural refrigerants in real operation
  • Overcome the limitation of artificial refrigerants within the European Union
  • Gain a margin for European HVAC-suppliers in relation to developments outside of Europe

WP08 - HVAC TEST – RESULT EVALUATION

  • Finalise the test of eco-friendly HVAC systems with natural refrigerants in order to increase the TRL to 7 so they are ready for application for new vehicles and retrofitting of existing vehicles
  • Compare the behaviour of eco-friendly HVAC systems with conventional systems with artificial refrigerants