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Cross-Cutting Activities

IP Coordinator: Richard French - BT


Total Project Value:
€ 3 017 281,68
from 01/09/2016 to 31/10/2019
S2R (Of H2020) co-funding:
€ 1 340 880,00
Haike Brick
Complementary projects:
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The FINE 1 project aims to reduce operational costs of railways by a reduction of energy use and noise related to rail traffic. The project results are expected to enable an increase of traffic in Europe and to enhance the attractiveness of railway in relation to other modes of transport.

The project activities will support the innovation process within the S2R Technical Demonstrators (TDs) by providing methodology and know-how to enable development of low noise and low energy TDs. The project is fully in line with the EU objectives with eight technical work packages (WPs) addressing technologies to support these objectives. The reduction of energy use for rail vehicles is as addressed in WP 3 and WP4 and will indirectly lead to reduced green-house gas emissions, also with most rail transport powered with electricity. Further, reducing energy use will lower the life cycle cost and the costs of vehicle operation. The project also aims at development of practical methods for predicting noise and vibration performance on system level including both rolling stock, infrastructure and its environment. Prediction of interior vehicle noise is addressed in WP 7 and source modelling for interior and exterior noise in WP 8. With an accurate characterization of each contributing source, it will be possible to optimize cost benefit scenarios, as addressed in WP 6, as well as take exposure and comfort into account. Finally, the auralisation and visualisation techniques of traffic noise scenarios and the noise control techniques developed in WP 9, support the reduction of noise exposure for residents by efficient traffic planning and novel mitigation techniques.

In summary, the expected FINE 1 advances of the state-of-the-art in noise modelling and control as well as in energy management and control methodology, will improve the competitiveness of the European railway system compared to other modes of transportation and thus promoting a modal shift to rail.

Project Structure

WP01 - Project Management and Technical Coordination

  • To ensure effective coordination of the project;
  • To ensure efficient management of common consortium activities;
  • To ensure effective overall administrative and financial management of the project;
  • To ensure the running of a quality assurance process;
  • To manage the risks and propose mitigation strategies and contingency measures if needed.
  • To coordinate the technical work of the various WPs in order to keep the alignment with the overall objectives of the project and with the S2R activities;
  • To solve any technical issues that may appear during the project;
  • To contribute to any relevant decision at WP level on issues that may affect the achievement of the overall objectives of the project and impact S2R.

WP02 - Interface with other Shift2Rail Groups and External Energy Groups

The objective of this work package is to establish energy norms with respect to existing state of the art and future developments, energy strategic views and needs of S2R internal and external stakeholders. The energy requirements for passenger trains resulting from existing normative specifications, guidelines and other stakeholders will be analysed. This includes the results of Roll2Rail and will be carried out in order to derive a strategy and future rules for the specification of energy efficiency. Recommendations on urban train norms and regulations will also be developed.
Pre-normative work will provide energy related marketing studies and eco labelling proposals. Energy efficient technologies and strategies from a whole life cycle approach will be analysed.
The goal of this work package is to achieve:
  • A strategic view integrating European transport and environment policies and recommendations;
  • An interface on norms & regulation inputs to CEN and CENELEC for energy matters;
  • A marketing understanding on energy related questions: existing and future "business rules" to allow emergence of new low consumption solutions between energy stakeholders (industry, operators, IM, energy providers, etc.);
  • A common approach on eco labelling, including inputs from European R&D projects and to support modal shift by linking eco labelling to multi-modal habit changes for global energy/CO2 savings for Europe.

WP03 - Energy Calculation Methodology

6The objective of this work package is to develop the methodology for assessing the overall energy reduction of the S2R innovations carried out within the S2R TDs. The work package will be an input to work package 4 where the assessment is carried out.
Further objectives are:
  • To support the S2R TD leaders in all IPs in the definition of sub-level key performance indicators (KPI) of their TD with respect to energy savings;
  • To supply the TD leaders with methodologies to assess the energy savings.

WP04 - Assessment of energy improvement

The work package 4 will be able to deliver quantified energy performances of addressed TDs. The existing tools of the S2R FINE 1 participants and those developed in collaboration via S2R open calls (notably the OPEUS project) will be used to quantify improvements on energy consumption.
Further objectives are:
  • Integration of results provided by the S2R TDs via work package 3;
  • Translation of sublevel KPIs into the S2R energy KPI;
  • Evaluation and update of the S2R energy KPI;
  • Delivery of the final energy related results achieved by S2R for the four SPDs.

WP05 - Technical Assessment and integration on system level of Noise & Vibration (N&V)

The purpose of this work package is to identify all N&V relevant components included in the S2R TDs and to set and follow up N&V targets for each S2R TD Leader in order to achieve an optimal result on overall system level.

WP06 - Traffic noise scenarios and baseline for evaluation and monitoring noise effects of S2R innovations

The objective of this work package is to define noise baseline and built traffic-scenarios t for pass-by as well of parking and stand still mode of trains to serve as reference for the evaluation and monitoring of noise effects at the end of the activities of the S2R CCA Work Area 5 planned in the S2R MAAP.
The objectives of this work package are:
  • The definition of different traffic scenarios (traffic mix, day/night split etc.) for the pass-by noise evaluation for each traffic segment (high speed, long-distance trains, regional and freight) for specified train-track configurations: These scenarios will be used as input parameters for N&V calculation as well to monitor and evaluate the mitigation effects compared to the state of the art on realistic conditions including their cost benefit ratios with the final phase of S2R.
  • With respect to noise monitoring, typical situations of the TEN (Trans-European Transport Network) Rail Freight Corridor “A (Rotterdam-Genoa)” are suggested, to serve exemplarily as demonstrator for evaluating the different noise mitigation effects of the different technologies and their combination for a freight case. Further, a long term vision on the traffic increase and their impacts to different scenarios change will be given.
  • In addition to the scenarios with moving trains, definition of typical scenarios for parked-train and stand-still modes have to be developed.
  • A close cooperation with DESTINATE must be built up for collaboration on the needed input parameters for the cost benefit ratio methodology and calculations to deduce the most effective measure mixture.

WP07 - Interior Noise modelling

The objective of this work package is to develop methodologies for efficient and accurate predictions of interior noise, including a modular framework to handle sources, transmission paths and results from existing simulation tools. Also, the work package should assess state of the art methodologies and define validation schemes for new methodologies, in part developed by DESTINATE.

WP08 - Sources and assemblies

The objective of this work package is to develop characterisation and specification methodologies for vibro-acoustic sources and train assemblies. Using these methodologies will help to improve the accuracy of prediction models developed in S2R and to standardize and to provide standardized models to favour its deployment. To obtain these methodologies it will be needed:
  • To assess, improve and develop methodologies needed for the characterisation and specification of vibro-acoustic sources and train assemblies
  • To validate the characterisation methodologies with measurements of sources and train assemblies
  • To standardize the characterisation and specifications.

WP09 - New methodologies and technologies

The objective of the work package is to support the development of new tools for auralisation and visualisation for an efficient demonstration and selection of the best means and appropriate usage of noise control improvements. The state of the art in visualisation and auralisation techniques and applications shall be compiled. A specification of the dedicated technology require

WP10 - Dissemination, Communication and Exploitation




Results and Publications

B - IRJ Insights November 2018_Noise & Vibration

“The quiet revolution in noise abatement” in the IRJ (International Railway Journal)


D10.2 Dissemination and Exploitation Plan


D10.3 Dissemination and Exploitation Activities


D2.1 External Market, normative and internal requirements analysis for ecolabelling proposal

see footnote *


D2.2 Dominant energy efficiency parameters of system platform demonstrators


D3.1 Energy Baseline


D3.2 Sub Level Energy KPIs


D3.3 Future railway system


D3.4 Requirement Specification for Energy Simulation Tool


D4.5 Evaluation of Energy KPI - interim


D4.6 Evaluation of Energy KPI - update


D4.7 Evaluation of Energy KPI - final

* see footnote


D5.1 List of TDs influencing the N&V performance of the system


D5.2 Vehicle scenarios for noise


D5.3 Extraction of the public information – State-of-the-art study for vehicle N&V performance


D6.1 Definition of traffic scenarios


D6.2 Evaluation of noise exposure for the reference situations for pass-by noise


D6.3 Evaluation of noise mitigation effects exposure for parking and standstill mode


D7.1 Review of State-of-the-Art for industrial interior noise predictions


D8.1 Characterisation and specification requirements

D8.4 Standardization proposals and specifications for IP1

* see footnote


D9.1 Update requirements for auralisation and visualisation


D9.2 Requirements for an active noise technology window


Final Conference - High Level Session

Project Presentations during the joint high level session of the FINE1&OPEUS Final Conference at 17.10.2019 in Paris, France.


FINE1 & OPEUS Final conference - Energy Session - Cluster 1


FINE1 & OPEUS Final conference - Energy Session - Cluster 2


FINE1 & OPEUS Final conference - Energy Session - Cluster 3


FINE1 & OPEUS Final Conference - Noise Session


FINE1 D1.2 Recommendation report


FINE1, First Newsletter


FINE1, Second Newsletter


Influence of replacing Cast Iron brakes with Disc brakes - CNOSSOS-EU vs TWINS

Additional report with reference to FINE1 D5.4


Review of energy labelling systems

The report is linked to the Energy Labelling Proposal in FINE-1 Task 2.1 D 2.1 External market, normative and internal requirements analysis for eco-labelling proposal. See footnote.


WCRR 2019 Full Paper FINE1 Energy

Paper on FINE1 energy activities presented on WCRR 2019


WCRR2019 FINE1 Energy presentation

Presentation on FINE1 energy activities presented on WCRR 2019


All deliverables, results and publications herewith provided reflects only the author's view and the S2R JU is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.

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The quiet revolution in noise abatement

Shift2Rail and FINE1 a part of the quiet revolution in Europe!

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No: 730818