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Cross-Cutting Activities

IP Coordinator: Richard French - BT


Total Project Value:
€ 1 308 718,75
from 01/12/2019 to 28/02/2023
S2R (Of H2020) co-funding:
€ 1 308 718,75
Ines Lopez Arteaga
Technische Universiteit Eindhoven
Complementary projects:
Project website:


The overall goal of TRANSIT is to provide the railway community with a proven set of innovative tools and methodologies to reduce the environmental impact and improve interior acoustic comfort of railway vehicles.

The associated high level objectives are:

  • Reduce rail vehicle noise certification lead time and costs, and lower operator’s track occupation requirement for testing by providing accurate virtual certification tools,
  • Reduce the need for a TSI-compliant track by developing and demonstrating accurate separation and transposition techniques,
  • Derive a more precise and better-founded definition of acoustic requirements for equipment suppliers, reducing time and cost,
  • Improve source quantification for noise mapping and a more accurate assessment of noise abatement measures,
  • Enable lighter vehicles, thus lower energy consumption, while maintaining high levels of interior acoustic comfort.

In order to fulfil the high level objectives, the following scientific and technical objectives are addressed:

1) Source characterization method independent of installation conditions.

TRANSIT will improve simulation capabilities for exterior train noise at standstill and pass-by according to ISO 3095:2013 [7] by building on existing tools developed in the previous project Acoutrain. Methods will be proposed and validated for source characterization based on sets of equivalent point sources (monopoles) including models for transmission paths, improving the methodology from Acoutrain. The transmission path models will include acoustic installation effects such as shielding and diffraction. A methodology will be proposed to estimate uncertainties of a complete simulation process.

2) Pass-by noise source separation methods

Novel and innovative techniques will be developed, in combination with existing methodologies with a proven track record, to determine the sound power level and directivity of the different types of noise sources during pass by at a constant speed. This will include aerodynamic sources, traction sources and rolling noise. The sound power and directivity of each source will be obtained in one-third octave bands, including an uncertainty assessment.

3) Separating the contributions of vehicle and track to the pass-by noise

TRANSIT will develop and validate methods for separating the contributions of vehicle and track to rolling noise during train pass-by, building on a number of promising techniques that were identified in the Roll2Rail project. These will be further simplified and/or enhanced here in order to improve their accuracy while also reducing cost. The methods will be able to transpose pass-by data measured on one track to another track. Wheel and rail roughness will also be separated. The validation and data collection will be extended to several vehicle scenarios using field measurements.

4) Investigate innovative materials and methods for an improved sound comfort

New and innovative approaches will be used to improve the design of the interior acoustics of future rolling stock. Several possible approaches will be considered, including optimal sound absorption at the source, damping along ducts for air conditioning systems and innovative meta-structure designs for the car-body parts.

Results and Publications

* D.3.2. Track versus vehicle separation and transposition techniques


D1.1 Validated procedure for source characterization based on equivalent monopoles and testsi


D2.1 Report on State of the art_ strategy and requirements for new separation techniques


* D2.2. Innovative separation techniques: theoretical description and validation testing campaign pro


D3.1 State of the art, strategy for enhancing separation techniques.


D4.1 Feasibility study of new concepts and approaches


* D4.2 Acoustic performance characterization of baseline and new design variants


D5.1 Project Quality Plan


D5.2 Measurement plan


D5.3 Data Management Plan


D6.1 Communication, dissemination and exploitation plan (CDEP)


* Please note that this/these deliverable(s) is/are undergoing S2R JU review and acceptance processes.

All deliverables, results and publications herewith provided reflects only the author's view and the S2R JU is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No: 881771