WP1 - Environment Perception for AutomationSimilar to the automotive sector, environment perception is going to be the enabling building block for automated and autonomous railways. Both indoor and outdoor environment sensing will be required, implementing different functions with different objectives. Outdoor environment sensing plays its main role in ensuring the clearance to drive (no obstacles, signal status on green, etc.), speed supervision (speed limits signals) or vehicle localisation, while indoor environment sensing will mostly be required in GoA4, where the automation of event detection, linked with a faster reaction time will improve operational safety, on-board security and overall service quality (maintenance) This work package looks at both eco systems.
With respect to outdoor environment sensing, it digs into some initial activities which are required to adopt environment perception in railways and its main objectives are:
To propose a novel certification concept when the artificial sense is used for safety related functions;
To define a common database for artificial sense training and to create one alpha instance of it;
To analyse how visual landmarks and radar signatures could be used for enhancing the train location function, and;
To perform feasibility studies for a number of use cases where the artificial sense plays a role;
Related to the indoor environment sensing system, the main objectives are:
Collect and prioritize the requirements for Indoor Environment Perception Oriented Services, which may not only cover security aspects but for instance also operation, customer service oriented and/or maintenance services.
Define the system architecture, perform feasibility studies and develop a demonstrator.
Assess the performance of the system.WP2 - Remote driving and commandThe main objective of this WP is to develop the comprehensive specification and functional architecture of the remote driving and command, aiming on SCIs. The proposed solution must be applicable to different segments (from tramways to freight locomotives) and for different applications like degraded operation under ATO GoA4, yard shunting or depot movements, regardless of the underlying signalling system. In that sense, coherence with the activities performed within X2Rail-4 WP3 must me assured by consultation. The integration of the function blocks with their SCIs will be performed in close collaboration with X2Rail-4 WP 3 ensuring coherence with LinX4Rail WP 5.
Hence, an additional final result of the WP will be an input, among others, for the IEC/EN 61375-2-6 standard by proposing a new application profile (use case) for the remote driving and command.
The WP will also enable remote operations which otherwise onboard staff could perform, like isolating bogies, locking doors or rearming fuses, in order to facilitate the operation even in degraded modes.WP3 - Automatic status monitoring and diagnostic for autonomous trainsIn the scope of the TAURO project, following developments of an Enhanced Train Control and Monitoring System
(TCMS) for an autonomous train shall be address to
Enhanced safety features for automatic diagnostic
Complementary functions to the ATO and TCMS towards achieving full autonomy (GoA4)
Analyse how to integrate and correlate the train on board diagnostic with equivalent ‘digital twin’ functions to improve CBM.
According to these mainstreams, in the first part of this WP the focus shall be identified the rationale and justification of currently functional diagnostic, performed by the system train, in principle main-line and regional, at the starting mission: diagnostic process of the function that could be automated. Preliminary characterization of a specific number of diagnostic monitoring process and elaboration of a list of requirements to be exported from the train sub-systems. In the second part of the WP, the study shall define new diagnostic requirements for both TCMS than train subsystem relevant to autonomous trains. These requirements should relate to auto-recovery and auto-heal (or degraded operational mode) functionalities, necessary to maximise the running capability of an autonomous train (up to GoA4).WP4 - Technologies supporting migration to ATO over ETCSThe purpose of this activity is:
To upgrade the GoA3/4 specifications considering the use of ATO on non ETCS area.
To deliver GoA3/4 specifications based on a semi-formal model (Specification based on a model are more maintainable). In addition, the use of a model will permit to validate GoA3/4 concepts by simulations in an early stage
To validate the interaction between ATO (up to GoA4) and the Traffic Management System. Indeed,
GoA3/4 specifications consider several assumptions on TMS behaviour which could lead to instabilities in the operationWP5 - Dissemination and ExploitationThis WP seeks to ensure proper dissemination and promotion of the project results, in a way which is consistent with the wider dissemination and promotion activities of Shift2Rail. It will ensure that the outputs of the project are delivered in a form which makes them immediately available for use by further activities within the current and following initiative.
It will also ensure that all important actors in the European railway sector are informed about the results. In that sense, an additional and crucial objective is to facilitate acceptance of the project outcomes through the standards and regulatory bodies, as well as by the main actors of the European railway sector.WP6 - Project ManagementFrom the project management perspective, the objectives of this work package are:
To ensure efficient coordination of the project together with the Steering Committee;
To coordinate the technical work of the various WPs in order to keep the alignment with the overall objectives of the project and with Shift2Rail activities;
To contribute to any relevant decision at WP level that may compromise or affect the achievement of the overall objectives of the project;
To ensure efficient management of common consortium activities, including risk management;
To ensure efficient overall administrative and financial management of the project, and;
To ensure the running of a quality assurance process
The kick-off meeting of TAURO took place on 13th January2021 launching the various activities which will last until May 2013. Due to thecurrent COVID restriction the meeting was held online with a significant numberof participants.
TAURO’s members acknowledge the challenging high-level objectiveof the project: To identify, analyse and finally propose suitable foundingtechnologies for the future European automated and autonomous rail transport,to be further developed, certified and deployed through the activities plannedfor the Shift2Rail’s successor Europe’s Rail.
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